Sri Lanka is an awesome place to travel, however please remember that it is likewise a tropical country and requires certain contemplations. The accompanying guidance is expected as an accommodating aide. William Tours prescribes, on the other hand, that before your takeoff you visit your local medical centre or a specialist travel health centre for specific advice regards to prescribed vaccinations, malaria and dengue prevention,and to discuss any underlying health concerns. It is worth doing this no less than six weeks prior to you are because of go to permit any new vaccinations time to take effect.
Specialised travel-medicine clinics stock all available vaccines and can give specific recommendations for your trip. The doctors will consider factors including past vaccination history, your trip’s duration, activities you may be undertaking and underlying medical conditions such as pregnancy.
The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends travellers consider the following vaccinations for travellers to Sri Lanka (as well as being up to date with measles, mumps and rubella vaccinations).
* Adult diphtheria and tetanus Single booster recommended if none in the previous 10 years.
* Hepatitis A Provides almost 100% protection for up to a year.
* Hepatitis B Now considered routine for most travellers.
* Japanese Encephalitis Recommended for rural travel, people who will be doing outdoor activities or for anyone staying longer than 30 days.
* PolioIncidence has been unreported in Sri Lanka for several years.
* Rabies Three injections in all. A booster after one year will then provide 10 years’ protection.
* Typhoid Recommended for all travellers to Sri Lanka, even if you only visit urban areas.
* Varicella If you haven’t had chickenpox, discuss this vaccination with your doctor.
Bring with you sun screen, insect repellent (preferably containing 50% DEET) and a hat. Long sleeved, full-length light coloured thin cotton clothes are widely available, but please consider bringing some clothing that will help protect you from the mid-day sun and from biting insects.
Tap water is not safe to drink. Use bottled or filtered water; for the former, look for the small round ‘SLSI’ logo which shows the water has been tested by the government’s Sri Lanka Standards Institution (the majority of local brands).
Mosquito bites, Dengue fever, Chikungunya and Malaria: Biting insects can be a nuisance and avoiding being bitten is the best protection. Malaria is caused by a species of mosquito that bites predominantly between dusk and dawn. Dengue fever and Chikungunya are present,particularly after the monsoon rains, and are carried by a type of mosquito that bites primarily during the day. You are most at risk of being bitten a couple of hours after sunrise and just before sunset. Wear long tops and pants and apply repellent, ideally one that is 50% Deet based.
Rabies: Try to stay away from street dogs as rabies is a possible risk. In the event of a bite, seek prompt medical advice. Remember, it is not just dogs that cancarry rabies, cats, monkeys and bats can do as well.
Snakes tend to keep away from humans, but if you are walking at night, take a torch and wear shoes. In the unlikely event of a bite, restrict movement of the limb as much as possible, cover the area with a clean, dry bandage but do not apply a tourniquet, remain calm and try to get to the nearest hospital immediately.
Emergency Medical Services in Sri Lanka
In case of an accident or a medical emergency while on holiday, go directly to the emergency department of the closest private or government hospital and you will be seen by an emergency physician. Call from any phone to 118, 119, 110, 1919 on your emergency, they will guide you for your protection and health.
Even if you’re fit and healthy, don’t travel without health insurance: accidents do happen. A travel or health insurance policy is essential. You may require extra cover for adventure activities, such as scuba diving. If your normal health insurance doesn’t cover you for medical expenses abroad, get extra insurance. If you’re uninsured, emergency evacuation is expensive, and bills of more than US$100,000 are not uncommon.